Cervical Cancer

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What is Cervical Cancer?

The entrance of the uterus is called as cervix. It connects the body of the uterus to the vagina or the birth canal. Cervical cancer begins in the cells lining the cervix, which shows early pre-cancerous changes during the development of disease. Most of the cervical cancers are caused due to Human Papillomavirus (HPV). It mostly affects sexually active women, mostly in the age group 30-45 years. Cancer of the cervix is preventable and can be detected early by regular screening and follow-up.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer rarely has symptoms in its early stages.
However, if you have any one or more of the below mentioned symptoms, we suggest you consult us immediately:
Abnormal vaginal bleeding, which includes bleeding and spotting between periods, unusually longer or heavier periods, during or after sex and bleeding after menopause
Unusual or excessive vaginal discharge with foul smell
Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic pain or during sexual intercourse
However, it’s not always essential that if you’re having abnormal bleeding or pain, it will be cervical cancer. It is important to see a specialist at the earliest.

Screening of Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer can be detected early by regular screening using the two screening tests mentioned below in women aged 30-65 years:
Pap test or Pap smear that collects cells from cervix to detect any changes in the cell that could change into cancer. Every woman above the age of 30 till 65 years should go for regular Pap test every 3 years, if test results are normal.
HPV test which determines the presence of HPV infection or whether abnormal cervix cells were caused due to a cancerous HPV strain. If the result is normal, the next test can be conducted five years later. An HPV test can also be performed along with Pap test. If both the test results come negative, next co-testing can be performed five years later.
If any woman older than 65 years have had normal screening test results for several years, or had her cervix removed as part of a total hysterectomy for non-cancerous conditions, like fibroids, she need not to be screened anymore.

How is Cervical Cancer diagnosed?

If a woman has symptoms and/or abnormal Pap or HPV test results, Colposcopy, Endocervical curettage & Biopsy can be used for confirmatory diagnosis of cervical cancer.
Colposcopy: is the examination of the cervix, vagina and vulva with a colposcope, which illuminates and magnifies, allowing the cellular patterns in the epithelial layer and surrounding blood vessels to be examined.
Biopsy: Biopsy is the removal of small tissue (1-3 mm) of the abnormal areas of cervix for histopathological diagnosis.
Punch biopsy: a sharp tool is used to pinch off small samples of cervical tissue and sent for testing.
Endocervical curettage: If a woman has a positive Pap test, but no abnormal areas are observed with colposcopy, some of the surface cells are gently scraped from the cervical canal and sent to a laboratory for examination. This is called endocervical curettage.


It is often useful to determine the extent of the cancer spread thereby assist in planning management of the cancer. The imaging tests which are done includes-
MRI/CT scan of the pelvis and abdomen (with IV contrast): MRI scan is preferred over CT as it delineates the soft tissues better and detects the spread of cancer in the parametrium more effectively.
PET CT scan: Recommended if disease clinically appears advance. It detects if the cancer has spread to other organs of the body.

FIGO Staging classification are as follows:

Stage 0

Carcinoma in situ. Abnormal cells in the innermost lining of the cervix.

Stage I

Invasive carcinoma that is strictly confined to the cervix

Stage II

Locoregional spread of the cancer beyond the uterus but not to the pelvic sidewall or the lower third of the vagina.

Stage IIII

Cancerous spread to the pelvic sidewall or the lower third of the vagina, and/or hydronephrosis or a nonfunctioning kidney that is incident to invasion of the ureter.

Stage IV

Cancerous spread beyond the true pelvis or into the mucosa of the bladder or rectum

Treatment for Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is completely curable, if it’s diagnosed and treated at an early stage. Treatment methods may be ablative (destroying abnormal tissues by heating or freezing) or excisional (surgically removing abnormal tissues).
Five types of standard treatment are used based on
Radiation Therapy
Targeted Therapy

Dr. Monika Pansari

Cervical Cancer Surgeon

Dr. Monika Pansari

Cervical Cancer Surgeon in Bangalore
"Being diagnosed with Breast Cancer can be challenging. Lots of thoughts come to mind. Do Not Worry.
I , Your Sakhi - Your Friend, am available to guide you & support you in this fight against cancer and Together We Will Win"
I am on a mission to help Women Cancer Patients and thats why I founded Sakhi Oncology.
Do not hesitate to reach me or call me.

To know more, get in touch with a specialist immediately.

Why choose Sakhi Oncology?

Founded by highly experienced female cancer surgeon
Expertise in diagnosing and treating hereditary, rare, or complex cancer cases
Compassionate and experienced team of cancer experts
Latest treatment methods
Personalized Patient care and treatment
High patient satisfaction rate
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Dr. Monika Pansari conducts consultation at Bannerghatta Road and Koramangla as listed below.
Note: Dr Monika Pansari will be available for consulting at Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore from 15 Jan 2024. She will no longer be available at Gleneagles Global Hospital.

Fortis Hospitals

154/9, Bannerghatta Rd, opposite IIM-B, Sahyadri Layout, Panduranga Nagar, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560076
Mon - Sat   : 1 pm to 4 pm
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Acura Speciality Hospital

No. 105, 5th Block, 17th C Main Road, KHB Colony , Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560095
Mon - Sat   : 5 pm to 7 pm
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Our Happy Patient

Dr Monika is awesome!! Not only is she an excellent surgeon but most importantly to us as patient and caregiver, she has been warm, empathetic, and very supportive. She has always made time to answer our questions and been encouraging throughout my wife's cancer journey. We are very grateful to her.
Ajay Nangalia
My mom was suffering with endometric carcinoma. Dr Monica guided us with a right treatment and operated my moms surgery successfully. She was available to answer our queries after the surgey as well. She was sweet and helped us curing the disease. Really happy with the service.
Neelufar N.S

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This website is built with intention of providing basic details about the various diseases. The contents of the website is not meant to replace an in-person consultation. Please follow the advise of your doctor via in-person consultation. This website will not assume any legal responsibility for the patient’s medical condition.
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