Cancer spreads to the peritoneum directly as an extension from other organs, through blood or lymphatic system. Cancer cells may also enter into peritoneum during surgery for other abdominal cancer, therefore, it is recommended to get the surgery done from an expert oncologist, trained in such procedures.
The exact cause isn’t known, however, there are few risk factors that can contribute:
While the prognosis of peritoneal cancer is generally poor, there have been documented cases of complete remission from the disease, especially if the diagnosis and treatment occurs at an early stage.
There are some factors associated with better survival rates. These include the absence of cancer in the lymph nodes, an optimal or complete cytoreduction surgery, and the use of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
It’s not always possible to prevent cancer, but certain lifestyle changes can help reduce the risk of developing primary peritoneal cancer. At Sakhi oncology, we recommend habits that enhance overall health, like: