Uterine Cancer

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What is Uterine Cancer?

When cancer occurs in the uterus, it is called uterine cancer. The uterus is where the baby grows when a woman is pregnant. The most common type of uterine cancer is also called endometrial cancer because it forms in the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium.

Symptoms of Uterine Cancer

The symptoms of uterine cancers are-
Post-menopausal bleeding (most common symptom)
Heavier period flow than usual
Bleeding between normal periods
Pain in the lower abdomen and during sex
Loss of appetite
Tiredness
Nausea
Pain in the back, legs or pelvis
Other gynaecological conditions and cancers can also cause unusual vaginal bleeding. It is important that you do not ignore any symptom and meet us at the earliest.

Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer

If you have symptoms or you are at high risk for uterine cancer, you may be recommended an endometrial biopsy or a transvaginal ultrasound used to help diagnose or rule out uterine cancer.

Endometrial Biopsy:

Hysteroscopy or Dilatation and curettage (D&C)
If the TVS/TAS detects changes in the thickness of the lining of the uterus, biopsy from the endometrium is taken using a telescope to visualize the uterine cavity and perform biopsy.
In some cases, a hysteroscopy along with D&C may be offered. D&C is a minor surgical procedure carried out under general anesthesia, to perform endometrial biopsy.
If the laboratory results confirm uterine cancer, one or more additional tests may be suggested to check the spread of cancer

The different stages include:

Stage I

The cancer is found in the uterus only.

Stage IA

The cancer is in the endometrium (inner lining) only or less than halfway through the myometrium

Stage IB

The cancer has spread halfway or more through the myometrium.

Stage II

The cancer has spread into the cervix, but has not spread outside the uterus.

Stage III

The cancer has spread beyond the uterus and cervix, but has not spread beyond the pelvis.

Stage IIIA

The cancer has spread to the outer layer of the uterus and/or to the fallopian tubes and ovaries.

Stage IIIB

The cancer has spread to the vagina and/or to the connective tissue and fat surrounding the uterus.

Stage IIIC

The cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the pelvis and/or around the aorta (large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart).

Stage IV

The cancer has spread beyond the pelvis.

Stage IVA

The cancer has spread to the bladder or intestines, but it has not spread to other parts of the body.

Stage IVB

The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Treatment of Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer is treated in several ways depending on the kind of uterine cancer and how far it has spread. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation.

Surgery

Uterine cancer may be diagnosed, staged, and treated during the same surgery. During surgery, the doctor removes as much of the cancer as possible. The following procedures may be used to treat uterine cancer:
Adjuvant treatment
Lymph node dissection
Total abdominal hysterectomy (type I extra fascial radical hysterectomy)

Other Therapy

Radiation: Using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill the cancer. It can either be external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) or internal radiation (vaginal vault brachytherapy)
Chemotherapy: Using special medicines to shrink or kill the cancer. The drugs can be pills you take or medicines given in your veins, or sometimes both.
Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy removes hormones or blocks their action and stops cancer cells from growing. Hormones are substances made by glands in the body and circulated in the bloodstream.
Palliative care: Palliative care focuses on improving how one feels during treatment by managing symptoms and supporting patients and their families with other, non-medical needs.

Dr. Monika Pansari

Gynaecologic Cancer Surgeon

Dr. Monika Pansari

Uterine Cancer Surgeon in Bangalore
"Being diagnosed with Uterine Cancer can be challenging. Lots of thoughts come to mind. Do Not Worry.
I , Your Sakhi - Your Friend, am available to guide you & support you in this fight against cancer and Together We Will Win"
I am on a mission to help Women Cancer Patients and thats why I founded Sakhi Oncology.
Do not hesitate to reach me or call me.

To know more, get in touch with a specialist immediately.

Why choose Sakhi Oncology?

Founded by highly experienced female cancer surgeon
Expertise in diagnosing and treating hereditary, rare, or complex cancer cases
Compassionate and experienced team of cancer experts
Latest treatment methods
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Dr. Monika Pansari conducts consultation at below locations

BGS Gleneagles Global Hospitals

67, Uttarahalli Main Rd, Sunkalpalya, 
Bengaluru, Karnataka 560060

Acura Speciality Hospital

No. 105, 5th Block, 17th C Main Road, KHB Colony , Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560095

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Dr Monika is awesome!! Not only is she an excellent surgeon but most importantly to us as patient and caregiver, she has been warm, empathetic, and very supportive. She has always made time to answer our questions and been encouraging throughout my wife's cancer journey. We are very grateful to her.
Ajay Nangalia
My mom was suffering with endometric carcinoma. Dr Monica guided us with a right treatment and operated my moms surgery successfully. She was available to answer our queries after the surgey as well. She was sweet and helped us curing the disease. Really happy with the service.
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Frequently Asked Questions

Many factors affect the risk of developing uterine or endometrial cancer, including:

  • Obesity
  • Things that affect hormone levels, like taking estrogen after menopause, birth control pills, or tamoxifen; the number of menstrual cycles (over a lifetime), pregnancy, certain ovarian tumors, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
  • Use of an intrauterine device (IUD)
  • Age
  • Diet and exercise
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Family history
  • Having had breast or ovarian cancer in the past
  • Having had endometrial hyperplasia in the past
  • Treatment with radiation therapy to the pelvis to treat another cancer Some of these, like pregnancy, birth control pills, and the use of an intrauterine device are linked to a lower risk of endometrial cancer, while many are linked to a higher risk.

During the first 24 hours after your hysterectomy, you will likely experience some vaginal bleeding that slowly tapers off. You might feel extremely tired afterward, and your fatigue may last for up to several weeks. For several weeks, you may have vaginal discharge that appears bloody at first, and then gradually becomes thinner and lighter over time. If both of your ovaries are also removed, you may experience symptoms of menopause, including hot flashes, night sweats and vaginal dryness. You may have a sense of loss that causes you to feel depressed, decreases your appetite, affects your concentration or disrupts your sleep. If these feelings persist or significantly disrupt your life, you should to talk to a supportive care provider, such as a psychologist or us.

Uterine cancer treatment may affect your ability to conceive. The uterus, also called the womb, is a critical constituent of a woman's reproductive system and accommodates the growing fetus during pregnancy. Sometimes the ovaries are removed as part of uterine cancer treatment. Ovarian cortex cryopreservation may be an option for women, who want to get pregnant via a surrogate after treatment.

Like other forms of cancer, uterine cancer can also sometimes come back in the months and years following initial course of treatment. The treatment and prognosis of endometrial cancer recurrence depend on several factors, like whether the cancer has spread beyond the uterus and what other parts of the body are affected. Many women are not able to go into remission following treatment for recurrent endometrial cancer, though a cure can still be attainable in certain instances where the cancer is caught early and has not spread. Still, treatment for recurrent endometrial cancer can help improve a patient’s quality of life.

Disclaimer Statement

This website is built with intention of providing basic details about the various diseases. The contents of the website is not meant to replace an in-person consultation. Please follow the advise of your doctor via in-person consultation. This website will not assume any legal responsibility for the patient’s medical condition.
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